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2022-06-16

Příběnice Castle with Latran

Příběnice is a  castle ruin 3.5 kilometers northwest of Malšice and eight kilometers southwest of Tábor in the district of Tábor. The castle stood on a distinctive watchtower surrounded by the meander of the Lužnice river at an altitude of 410 meters. The residential complex also included the "Latran" (smal castle town) and the smaller Příběničky castle on the opposite bank of the river. Together they are protected as a cultural monument.

The castle has been known since the thirteenth century, when it belonged to the Vítkovci family. Its founders were probably Vítek V. of Příběnice and his brother Vok I. of Rožmberk, who are listed as owners in 1243.  After the death of Vítek of Příběnice in 1259, the castle remained to Vok and was succeeded by his sons Jindřich I. of Rožmberk and Vítek II. from Příběnice. After Jindřich's death, the castle was acquired by his son Petr I. of Rožmberk, who began a significant reconstruction, during which a chapel was built in the castle.  Peter I died in 1347 and his sons Peter II. of Rožmberk, Oldřich I. of Rožmberk, Jan I. of Rožmberk and Jošt I. of Rožmberk divided the family property among themselves and the castle was managed by the burgrave Přibík of Vyšetice.

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from Archeologický atlas Čech

Mr. Henry III. of Rožmberk, son of Oldřich I., managed the castle. He showed strong dissatisfaction with King Wenceslas IV. He belonged to the lordly unity, which decided to open an uprising against the king in 1394. When the king returned from the castle Žebrák, they captured him and took him to internment in Prague. From there to Příběnice, where the king was briefly imprisoned, and later, because Příběnice did not seem very safe to them, to Český Krumlov.

In the fifteenth century, Jindřich's son Oldřich II stayed at the castle. from Rožmberk. Initially, he was a follower of the Hussites, and even allowed on his estates to preach a similar way. However, due to the dangerous proximity of the radical Tábor, he later sided with the Catholics, expelled the Hussite priests from his estates and tried to besiege Tábor.  The siege of Tábor did not good.

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Priest Václav Koranda was imprisoned  in Příběnice  . In the tower, he managed to free himself from the log and free the other prisoners in Tábor. Together they captured the guards and sent the soldier Odolen, who joined the Hussites, in Tábor for help to Governor Zbyněk of Buchov. The Taborites then easily conquered the castle, as former prisoners threw stones from the tower prevented the crew from effectively defending it. The Rosenberg troop, which arrived from Soběslav only when the Táborites attacked the gate, did not help either.  The event was commemorated by the memorable Korand's spruce tree, which fell in 2000. [source ?!] The titular Bishop Heřman of Mindelheim, who was forced by the Hussites to consecrate their priests in 1417, also lived here. Nevertheless, he was sentenced to death by drowning near Příběnice and thrown into the Lužnice river. However, the bishop easily crossed the shallow river.

In 1421, Bohuslav of Švamberk was imprisoned in the castle. A sect of Adamites settled under the castle, which was expelled from there by Jan Žižka. He had fifty people burned. Later, another 25 were burned, but in his absence. In the period 1422–1427, there were frequent clashes between Catholics and Hussites, which affected the surroundings of the castle in particular. In 1428, the town of Příběnice was burned down.

After the Battle of Lipany in 1434, the Tábor Union was forced to withstand the increasing pressure of the Rosenbergs. In 1437, however, they concluded a peace agreement, which included the demolition of both the castle and the town below the castle.  After 1667, the castle was listed in the provincial plaques as demolished with remains that are overgrown with forest.

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Priest Václav Koranda

The access road led from the southeast. First, it passed through a fortified moat and rampart. Then she crossed the second moat and entered the four-part core of the castle. Above the moat stood a partially preserved unusually octagonal bergfrit. However, the journey continued along a long fence along the west side of the castle to the first courtyard, where only the remains of a square tower have been preserved. It is possible that there was also a hitherto unlocalized castle chapel. In the courtyard, the path turned 180 ° and, through a passage in the palace wing, entered a small central courtyard surrounded on all sides by other palace wings. The southwest wing was partially excavated in the first half of the twentieth century. His courtyard was supported by backrests that could support the porch. To the south of the palace was a third courtyard with unknown buildings and behind it a fourth courtyard with the aforementioned octagonal tower. In the fifteenth century, two prismatic bastions connected by a fence were built on the steepest northeast side of the palace district. 

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Jan Žižka

Podhradí town was situated behind the second castle gate in a river bend on the left bank of the Lužnice, approximately 200 meters below the watchtower with the castle itself. Only the remains of the perimeter masonry of the houses have been preserved. In the past, the town also included a mill and a brewery. 

According to August Sedláček, the latran used to be connected by a bridge, the pillars of which were allegedly still visible in the river at low water levels in the 19th century, with the opposite bank of the Lužnice, where the smaller Příběničky castle stood.