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The Archaeologists discovered in Ostrov the oldest wooden well of Europe


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A large number of findings, including unique findings, were discovered by archaeologists during the rescue research under the future highway D35 between Opatovice nad Labem and Ostrov. Perhaps the most significant is the discovery of a wooden well near the willage Ostrov. According to dating using tree rings, oak trunks were used for its construction between 5256 and 5255 BC, for corner columns even a few years earlier. This is the oldest dendrochronologically dated wooden architecture in Europe, said Jaroslav Peška, director of the Olomouc Archaeological Center today.

A Grooves were cut out into thei pole very well, and the planks was planted in them, a technique previously attributed to wood finds from the Bronze Age to the Roman Age. Now we have moved this age of technique back by at least 3000 years, "said Peska.

The water well was about 140 centimeters deep, its footprint was 80 times 80 centimeters. Her Neolithic makers of wooden elements wear out of stone, bone, horn or wood. The oak structure has been preserved thanks to the high groundwater level. The archaeological center also discovered other wells. One of the water well of wooden of fir tree  was dating back to 150 years BC and served as a water cistern for nearby dwellings with water feeder.

Another archaeological team from Archaia society uncovered one of the richest and most extensive burial sites of the Lusatian culture from the late Bronze Age near Rokytno, extraordinary in the Czech Republic and in Poland. More than 200 incandescent graves and over 2,000 ceramic pots have been discovered in the sand dune. The preservation of the site was positively influenced by the fact that, since the 1950s, there was a grassy field airport and the site was not damaged by deep plowing.

Archaeologists have also uncovered a settlement of hunters and gatherers from the Early and Middle Stone Age with finds of tools and weapons near Uhersko and a housing estate of six houses from the younger and late Bronze Age at Lower Rovne and Čeradice. From the Middle Ages, discoveries of recessed dwellings and furnaces come from the Opatovice power plant and the medieval village at Horní Rovno. All finds will be stored in the depositories of the East Bohemian Museum of Pardubice.