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TIME OF TRANSITION BURIAL RITES AND SETTLEMENTS MIDDLE BRONZE AGE MORAVIA

The objective of this paper is present the situation in Moravia (Czech Republic) in the middle Bronze Age (local 1600/1550 - 1300/1250 BC) in connection to changes of burial rites and settlement. In the first part, we try to answer on the basis of funeral rites and the new C14 data, when the Early Bronze Age ends. Subsequently, how the burial rite changes in several steps, not only in terms of inhumation and the cremation. We present the cremation burial rite prevails for the beginning of the Late Bronze Age and for the start of urn cemeteries. Then we show the structural change in Middle Bronze Age settlement, which is represented in Moravia with dispersed lowland sites, recurring structures of timber framed and post hole houses and the transformation of settlement features. The occurrence of hilltop settlements is still assumed only at the beginning and at the end of the Middle Bronze Age. From this point of view is short time of the Middle Bronze Age a period of significant transition that is conditioned by economic prosperity. We can see changes in crop husbandry and sufficiency of used metal. The question remains whether the increasing number of archaeological traces is related to real population growth or a change in the nature of the living culture.