Go to content Go to menu

Excavations in Pod Hradem cave 2016

Check out our first video diary - an archaeology dig at Pod Hradem in the Czech Republic. This cave was visited by early modern humans from at least 50,000 years ago. We want to see if there was earlier, Neanderthal visits too.


The third and final season of excavation on Pod Hradem Cave (Moravian Karst) reached bedrock at a maximum depth of 3.5 metres, although the bedrock in this part of the cave represents a very steeply sloping wall rather than the cave floor. Radiocarbon dates indicate that the basal layers in this part of the cave were deposited during the late Middle Palaeolithic period. The finding of amber and shell in layer 11 represents a curious discovery, but there is a possibility that these objects represent an intrusion from a dfferent archaeological context.


Personal ornaments are a notable feature of the Early Upper Palaeolithic in Europe and an important expression of modern human identity. The tubular bone rod from Pod Hradem Cave in the Czech Republic is the first example of its kind from Central Europe.