Go to content Go to menu
 


Holásky - Hallstatt burial mounds

Horakovska culture is an archaeological culture from the Early Iron Age, specifically from the 7th to the 6th century BC, which was located in southern Moravia. It got its name from the large "princely" mound near Horákov village, in the Drahanská vrchovina (Highlands) northeast of moravian metropolis Brno city. The culture already had developed the agriculture, kept a cattle in a settlements and widely processed a iron. Society was already differentiated, as graves rich with skeletal burials and, on the other hand, more numerous cremation graves for, apparently, poorer populations, were found. The find in the Býčí skála cave is completely unique, where two hearths with the remains of a chariot, the human skeletons also a gold and bronze jewels, including a statue of bronze bull, were discovered. In the back of the cave was a blacksmith's workshop. About 40 skeletons were discovered at the cave.

There are also indications that the culture developed certain religious ideas, as clay amulets or motifs of the sun and water birds were found on bronze bowls. Bull figurines could also have had religious significance. Housing estates consist of six to eight earthworks with a square or rectangular floor plan. Main sites: Těšetice-Kyjovice, Morašice, Kuřim, Brno-Obřany, Brno-Řečkovice, Habrůvka, Horákov, Šaratice, Vojkovice, Spectators, Morkůvky, Klentnice.

 

Inside the burial mound n. I, was a wooden chamber measuring 530 x 525 cm, from logs and beams (at the bottom of the chamber was the burial of a warrior, on the right side he had a long iron sword and a massive spear. In the NW corner stood a group of richly decorated ceramic vessels and two plate-shaped bowls of bronze with plastic ornaments, at the level of 30-40 cm at the bottom, about in the middle of the grave, on the back of the skeleton girls or younger women). The burial mound II had similar dimensions (it contained a 5 x 5 m chamber with a skeletal burial; near the skeleton lay two iron spears, two wrought bronze bowls, three iron bridle bits, drawbar fittings and other parts of horse harnesses; in the SE corner there were ceramic vessels and a bronze ladle. Only iron fragments and ceramic shards were picked up from the burial mound III. The mound was probably already opened and plundered before.


Another burial mound was supposed to be explored in these places in 1955 by M. Chleborád, but more detailed findings are not known (several shards, a ceramic bowl, a ring and the bronze side of a horse bit have been preserved from the grave inventory) .