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Hradec Králové - Přemyslid early medieval castle

The hill on which the fortified settlement was gradually built, exceeds the surrounding terrain by ten to fifteen meters. In the Eneolithic were these fortifications  probably a simple palisade. The fortified settlement of Lusatian culture  measured about twelve hectares. The fortified settlement was surrounded by a castle earthwork eight to ten meters wide. It consisted of a wooden front wall, which was followed by a body of wooden structure filled with sand with an admixture of clay. At the top of the wall stood a palisade reinforced with sloping support poles. 


The early medieval fortifications used the remains of the walls of the  fortified settlement from Bronze age. It was based on a wall with a front marl wall made of dry-laid stones. The appearance of the wall on the inside is not known, but it is assumed that it was wooden. The space between the front and inner wall was probably filled with a grate structure filled with layers of clay and sand. The total width of the earthwork reached up to six meters and a palisade probably stood on top of it. The entrance to the fortified settlement was located on the west side at the site of the later medieval Prague Gate. 


In the eleventh century, a district with the seat of princely officials was delimited and independently fortified on the northwest side of the fortified settlement area, which became an acropolis. The 1.3-hectare acropolis was separated by a moat, behind which stood a wall with a front stone wall and a wood-clay core, at the top of which was a wooden structure with a gallery on the inside. The přemyslid early medieval castle lasted in this until the first half of the thirteenth century, when the old princely seat was replaced by a royal castle and a medieval town grew in the remaining area of ​​the fortified settlement.